(Pre)fabricat în România. Inovaţii autohtone în aplicarea unui tip internaţional
Andreea Cel Mare
Rezumat/Abstract. In Romania, as in all countries of the former Eastern Bloc, the concept of prefabrication is nowadays associated with the precariousness of the gray, massive, anonymous constructions that overwhelmed the cities between 1956 and 1989, and in which a large part of the population is still living. In other countries, where it was not imposed by five-year plans and decrees, precast concrete technology evolved naturally, generating solutions that have taken into account the freedom and flexibility that are so necessary for the architectural design process. The paper investigates the ensemble of seven residential buildings made of large reinforced concrete panels, between 1960 and 1961, on Calea Griviței, Bucharest, designed by a team of professionals of „Proiect București” Institute, led by architect Tiberiu Ricci. This article highlights the existence, in the Romanian professional environment, of a strong desire for change and innovation, that addressed the ideological needs of the political regime. Reviewing the technological innovations from the past allows us to assess the current potential of precast concrete solutions in the construction of dwellings in Romania.
Cuvinte cheie/Key words: prefabrication, large concrete panels, innovation
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