Tradiţie şi inovare în arhitectura lui George Matei Cantacuzino

Andreea Vasilca

Rezumat/Abstract. The modern period of architecture brought with it essential prefaces in the international architecture programs, generated by industrialization and by the new perspective of development of the society. Internally, architects manifest themselves in three main directions - traditional, classical and modern, in an attempt to create a national style. The architect George Matei Cantacuzino, inspired by foreign experiences, manages to see the solution for a quality architecture - the symbiosis between tradition and functionality, without which we could not aspire to spirituality. The research is based on the critical analysis of the existing specialized works and on the field research, using as investigation methods the architectural survey of constructions, their photographic survey, visual observations and surveys on the construction materials used in the commissioning, where it was used. possible. Following the research of the architectural work of the architect George Matei Cantacuzino, the philosophical principle of his creation is clear - the relation to tradition, in which you must be permanently anchored, looking to the future, to the needs of the human being in a continuous dynamic. He created his own style, anchored in tradition, defined as a synthesis of the Renaissance architecture of Andrea Palladio and of the Byzantine architecture, specific to the Romanian people, from whose origins were born either architectural objects or original, innovative architectural elements. both for that time and for the present architecture, through the structures, the materials of construction, the solving of the parts or the reinterpretation of the traditional peasant architecture with the instruments of a cult architecture. The innovation at George Matei Cantacuzino consists in the fact that the architecture created by him is a synthesis of the great architectures - classical, from the point of view of the compositional principles, Byzantine - characterized by clean geometric forms, materials and vivid colors, Renaissance - by organizing the space and through programs of architecture, sobriety and delicacy of forms, lines and modernity - by synthesizing, purifying, transforming and bringing all volumes and decorations to the human proportion.

Cuvinte cheie/Key words: architecture, tradition, functionality, Cantacuzino, innovation

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